Income Tax exemption for differently abled persons
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
QUESTION NO 1010
ANSWERED ON 02.12.2014
IT exemption for differently abled persons
1010 Shri Ram Kumar Kashyap
Will the Minister of FINANCE be pleased to satate :-
(a) whether it is a fact that differently abled persons have to incur more expenditure on their medication and maintenance in comparison to normal persons;
(b) whether it is also a fact that there are less than one lakh differently abled persons in the country who pay income tax;
(c) if so, whether there is any proposal to declare the income of differently abled persons as Tax Free Income to enable them to bear their high cost of living; and
(d) if not, the reasons therefor?
MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF FINANCE:
(SHRI JAYANT SINHA)
(a) It is generally considered that differently abled persons have to incur more expenditure on their medication and maintenance in comparison to normal persons. However, the Ministry does not maintain any data in this regard.
(b) The data of tax payers who are differently abled is not maintained. However, as per the returns filed for Assessment Year 2013-14, the number of tax payers claiming deduction u/s 80U of Income -tax Act, 1961 (Act) available to a person with disability defined therein, was 1,31,292.
(c) No Sir, there is no such proposal.
(d) The following incentives are already available under the Act, to differently abled persons :-
(i) Section 80U of the Income-tax Act provides for a specific deduction of Rs.50,000/- in case of a person with disability and Rs. 1,00,000/- for a person with severe disability.
(ii) Section 80DD of the Act provides for a deduction of Rs. 50,000/- in respect of maintenance, including medical treatment, of a dependant who is a person with disability. A deduction of Rs. 1,00,000/- is available in case of maintenance of a dependant with severe disability.
(iii) Section 64 of the Act provides that any income arising/accruing to a minor child suffering from any disability of the nature specified in section 80U will not be clubbed in the hands of any individual being the parent.
(iv) Section 80G of the Act provides full deduction in respect of donations to the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities constituted under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999.
Further, there has been a continuous moderation of tax regime by way of increase in the basic exemption limits and widening of tax slabs. Such moderation benefits differently abled persons also.